Take Five: When China sneezes

Take Five: When China sneezes

Reuters  | Jan 25, 2020 05:07

Take Five: When China sneezes

(Reuters) - 1/OUTBREAK

Wuhan in central China is the size of London. But these days, flights to and from the city are cancelled, highways are shut and soldiers guard the railway station, as China tries to quarantine the centre of a virus outbreak that had by Friday killed 26 people and infected hundreds globally. That's actually reassuring when compared to the secretive handling of the 2003 SARS epidemic. And the World Health Organisation says while this is "an emergency in China", it's not of international concern yet.

Still, it's unclear how deadly this illness is, or whether Beijing is revealing the full picture. Falls in share prices and the yuan show markets are pricing slower growth and a monetary policy response. The outbreak coincides with the Lunar New Year holiday -- peak season for travelling, entertaining and gift-giving. If spending on such services falls 10%, Chinese growth would slow 1.2 percentage points, S&P Global (NYSE:SPGI) calculates.

A higher death toll or more cases overseas will put global growth at risk. The SARS crisis almost halved Asian air passenger demand, inflicting losses on airlines and the hospitality industry. Oil's 5% fall this week implies concerns for world growth are already building.   

(Graphic: Daily cumulative cases of coronavirus JPG-https://graphics.reuters.com/CHINA-HEALTH/0100B56G2WC/coronavirus.jpg)


Over the December holidays, people across the world will have shopped on Amazon (NASDAQ:AMZN), watched Netflix (NASDAQ:NFLX) shows and sent greetings over iPhones, Facebook (NASDAQ:FB) and Gmail. Soon we'll see how this played out in the bottom lines of the firms that are grouped together as FAANGs and collectively worth almost $4 trillion.

Q4 earnings from Netflix underwhelmed Wall Street. But Facebook should post 6.2% earnings growth on Jan. 29, while Apple (NASDAQ:AAPL) earnings, due Jan 28, are forecast to have grown 8.7%. Amazon has warned that higher investment spending will dampen earnings-per-share but it sees quarterly revenues up 18.7%.

Alphabet (NASDAQ:GOOGL) (Google's parent), due the following week, should also post higher revenues but a 1.7% earnings decline.

Compare this with expectations for the S&P500 overall -- 0.8% earnings decline and 4.4% revenue growth. The FAANGs also have led the U.S. equity bull run; just since October, shares in some of them are up 20-40%, versus 11% for the index. Any disappointments may sink more shares than just the FAANGs.

-Investors gear up for "Cadillacs" of tech earnings

(Graphic: Some FAANGs longer than others - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/7/8249/8230/Pasted%20Image.jpg)


World stocks celebrated the China-U.S. trade truce by speeding into a New Year rally. But European auto shares have crashed out on signs they will be first in the firing line if a trade war erupts with Washington. President Donald Trump's latest threat to raise tariffs on car imports from the EU sent shivers down the spines of executives, who are already struggling with tough regulation, slowing demand in key markets and competition with electric vehicles.

No surprise then that European auto shares skidded towards their biggest weekly fall since October, shedding 3.5%, even as the pan-European equity index returned to record highs. In fact, auto shares have decoupled from Germany's DAX index since late-2019, hitting 10-year lows relative to that benchmark.

Making matters worse is another profit warning from Daimler, and a Citi ratings downgrade for Renault (PA:RENA). Interestingly, auto sector earnings are expected grow almost 10% in Q4. But investors are bracing for nasty surprises.

(Graphic: Car pain - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/13/1493/1468/Pasted%20Image.jpg)


Britain leaves the European Union next week but the day will be little more than symbolic, given January 31 only marks the start of an 11-month period during which a new trade agreement will have to be thrashed out with the bloc.

Of greater interest arguably, is Thursday's Bank of England meeting -- Mark Carney's last as governor. The question is whether the BoE will join central bank peers in cutting interest rates. Economic growth and inflation took a hit from 3-1/2 years of Brexit uncertainty so a string of dismal data and dovish policymaker comment saw expectations for a cut swiftly build.

But money markets, having at one point priced a 70% chance of a quarter-point rate reduction, have trimmed those expectations to around 50%. Latest indicators, covering the period after the Dec. 12 election, suggest improving confidence. Sterling around $1.31, is in the middle of its trading range so far in 2020 - where it heads next hinges on the BOE's decision and forecasts for whether the economy will find more fuel when it starts a new life outside the EU.

-UK business improves after election, weakening case for rate cut, PMIs suggest

-Pound drops as rate cut still possible despite improving data

(Graphic: Money market expectations for BoE interest rate - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/mkt/13/1494/1469/boe%20money%20markets.png)


The Fed must steer its first policy meeting of the 2020s between Scylla and Charybdis: U.S. stock indexes at nosebleed levels against Trumpian election-year pressure for lower rates.

The fed funds target will certainly be left in its 1.5% to 1.75% range on Wednesday; the central bank will want to see how the three cuts from 2019 are percolating through the economy. Also, considering fed funds spent the first half of the past decade near zero, there is barely room to cut more, without raising alarm about negative rates, deflation and asset prices.

A more immediate question is how long the Fed lets its banking system interventions run, now that the year-end has passed without any repo market turmoil. Its overnight operations will continue until at least mid-February but a debate is underway whether to establish a standing repo facility for banks. Investors will also watch for comments on the Fed's pivot back to balance sheet expansion.

President Trump is likely to deliver his verdict too. Advance fourth quarter GDP lands Thursday -- 2.1% growth is expected -- and Trump might repeat his argument that were it not for Fed policy tightening, growth would be near 4%.

-Fed's Harker says officials learned lessons from repo turmoil, still mulling standing facility

-Fed on hold, but will financial risks matter?

(Graphic: Fed balance sheet - https://fingfx.thomsonreuters.com/gfx/ce/7/8247/8228/Pasted%20Image.jpg)

© Reuters. A woman walks past the London Stock Exchange building in the City of London, Britain

Related News

Latest comments

Add a Comment
Please wait a minute before you try to comment again.
Write a reply...
Please wait a minute before you try to comment again.

Trading in financial instruments and/or cryptocurrencies involves high risks including the risk of losing some, or all, of your investment amount, and may not be suitable for all investors. Prices of cryptocurrencies are extremely volatile and may be affected by external factors such as financial, regulatory or political events. Trading on margin increases the financial risks.
Before deciding to trade in financial instrument or cryptocurrencies you should be fully informed of the risks and costs associated with trading the financial markets, carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite, and seek professional advice where needed.
Fusion Media would like to remind you that the data contained in this website is not necessarily real-time nor accurate. The data and prices on the website are not necessarily provided by any market or exchange, but may be provided by market makers, and so prices may not be accurate and may differ from the actual price at any given market, meaning prices are indicative and not appropriate for trading purposes. Fusion Media and any provider of the data contained in this website will not accept liability for any loss or damage as a result of your trading, or your reliance on the information contained within this website.
It is prohibited to use, store, reproduce, display, modify, transmit or distribute the data contained in this website without the explicit prior written permission of Fusion Media and/or the data provider. All intellectual property rights are reserved by the providers and/or the exchange providing the data contained in this website.
Fusion Media may be compensated by the advertisers that appear on the website, based on your interaction with the advertisements or advertisers.

English (USA) English (India) English (Canada) English (Australia) English (South Africa) English (Philippines) English (Nigeria) Deutsch Español (España) Español (México) Français Italiano Nederlands Polski Português (Portugal) Português (Brasil) Русский Türkçe ‏العربية‏ Ελληνικά Svenska Suomi עברית 日本語 한국어 中文 香港 Bahasa Indonesia Bahasa Melayu ไทย Tiếng Việt हिंदी
Sign out
Are you sure you want to sign out?
Saving Changes